Law of Uniform Connectedness

Law of Uniform Connectedness: Enhancing Visual Grouping in UX Design

The Law of Uniform Connectedness is one of the principles of Gestalt psychology, which states that elements that are visually connected are perceived as more related than elements with no connection. This principle plays a critical role in user experience (UX) design, helping to create intuitive and organized interfaces by clearly indicating relationships between elements.

What is the Law of Uniform Connectedness?

The Law of Uniform Connectedness suggests that elements that are visually connected by lines, colors, frames, or other graphical elements are perceived as related and part of the same group. This principle helps users quickly understand the structure and organization of content, making interfaces more intuitive and user-friendly.

Importance of the Law of Uniform Connectedness in UX Design

  1. Improved Clarity: By visually connecting related elements, designers can make the relationships between different parts of the interface clearer, enhancing user understanding.
  2. Enhanced Navigation: Uniform connectedness helps guide users through the interface, making it easier for them to navigate and find related content or actions.
  3. Visual Hierarchy: This principle helps establish a visual hierarchy, indicating which elements are grouped together and which are separate, improving the overall organization of the interface.
  4. Aesthetic Appeal: Visually connected elements create a more cohesive and aesthetically pleasing design, enhancing the overall user experience.

Key Principles of Applying the Law of Uniform Connectedness

  1. Lines and Borders: Use lines and borders to visually connect related elements. This can be done with outlines around groups of elements or dividers between sections.
  2. Backgrounds: Apply background colors or shades to group related items together. This helps in distinguishing different sections or categories.
  3. Proximity: Combine the Law of Proximity with uniform connectedness by placing related items close to each other and connecting them visually.
  4. Consistency: Ensure that visual connections are consistent throughout the interface. Similar elements should be connected in similar ways to avoid confusion.
  5. Interactive Elements: Use connectedness to indicate interactive elements, such as buttons and input fields, that belong to the same action or process.

Best Practices for Using the Law of Uniform Connectedness in Design

  1. Form Design: Group related form fields together using borders or background colors to help users understand which fields are related.
  2. Navigation Menus: Use lines, borders, or background colors to connect related navigation items, making the menu easier to understand and use.
  3. Cards and Containers: Use card layouts or containers to group related content together. Each card or container can have a distinct border or background to indicate relatedness.
  4. Interactive Groups: Connect buttons and input fields that belong to the same action, such as a search bar with a search button or a form with submit and reset buttons.
  5. Content Sections: Use visual connections to separate and group different sections of content, such as separating articles, sidebars, and footers with distinct backgrounds or borders.

Tools for Implementing the Law of Uniform Connectedness

  1. Design Software: Tools like Adobe XD, Figma, and Sketch provide features for creating and manipulating lines, borders, and backgrounds to connect elements visually.
  2. CSS: Use CSS properties such as border, background-color, and box-shadow to visually connect elements in web design.
  3. Grid Systems: Utilize grid systems to align and group elements consistently, ensuring uniform connectedness across the design.
  4. Design Systems: Implement design systems that define how elements should be visually connected, ensuring consistency throughout the interface.

Real-World Examples

  1. Online Forms: Websites like Google Forms use borders and background colors to group related questions and sections, making the form easier to navigate and understand.
  2. Dashboard Interfaces: Platforms like Google Analytics use card layouts and borders to group related metrics and data visualizations, helping users quickly find and interpret information.
  3. E-commerce Sites: Sites like Amazon use card layouts to group related products, reviews, and recommendations, enhancing the browsing experience.
  4. Social Media Platforms: Platforms like Facebook use visual connections to group related posts, comments, and reactions, making the interactions clear and intuitive.


The Law of Uniform Connectedness is a powerful principle in UX design that enhances clarity, navigation, and visual hierarchy by visually connecting related elements. By applying this principle effectively, designers can create more intuitive and aesthetically pleasing interfaces that improve user experience.

Ondrej Zoricak
Ondrej Zoricak